A chipset is a set of integrated circuits designed to work together on a motherboard to facilitate communication between the various components of a computer. It acts as a bridge between the CPU, memory, and other components and allows them to communicate and share data. The chipset is responsible for providing data paths and controlling the information flow, allowing the processor to access data stored in memory and communicate with peripheral devices.

The chipset can be found on the motherboard, which is usually located near the CPU socket. It consists of several chips, including the northbridge and southbridge, and other smaller chips, such as USB and Ethernet controllers. It’s important to know Which function does a motherboard’s chipset perform, to better understand this component. This way, you can select a better chipset on the motherboard to get excellent performance and overclocking. Let’s learn!

Key Takeaways

  • A chipset supervises the data flow between all the components connected on/with the motherboard.
  • It ensures that everything works smoothly while having the required instructions from the processor.

Which function does a motherboard’s chipset perform?

A chipset is a group of electronic components in a computer or device that manages the data flow between the processor, memory, and other peripherals. In the context of a motherboard, a chipset is a group of integrated circuits that manages communication between the CPU, memory, and various peripheral devices, such as storage drives and network interfaces. It also provides an interface for the CPU to communicate with other components in the system, like USB, PCI-E, SATA, and others.

In other words, it acts as a traffic controller, managing the data flow between the components and ensuring they work together smoothly. The chipset on a motherboard can be divided into two main components: the Northbridge and the Southbridge. The Northbridge manages communication between the CPU, memory, and high-speed peripheral devices, such as graphics cards. In contrast, the Southbridge manages communication with lower-speed peripheral devices, such as storage drives and network interfaces. 

Types of motherboard chipsets

A few different types of chipsets can be found on motherboards, each with its unique features and benefits. The most common types are Intel, AMD, and VIA.

Intel Chipset

An Intel chipset is a set of chips that provides the interfaces between an Intel CPU and the PC’s subsystems. Chipsets contain the buses and electronics to allow the CPU, RAM, and I/O devices to interact. Most Intel chipsets, which are contained on two to four chips, also include built-in IDE support.

Intel chipsets are the most widely used chipsets in the world. These chipsets offer excellent performance and compatibility with other components, making them ideal for high-end gaming builds. They are also widely supported by most major operating systems.

AMD Chipset

The new AMD A-Series chipsets are available in various I/O configurations and are intended to maximize the AMD Accelerated Processing Unit (APU) performance.AMD chipsets are usually less expensive than Intel but still offer good performance. They are more budget-friendly than Intel chipsets, making them ideal for users looking to build a powerful machine without breaking the bank.

VIA Chipset

VIA chipsets are designed for low-power computing and are often found on low-budget machines. While these chipsets are less potent than Intel or AMD, they offer excellent power efficiency and are very popular in embedded devices and netbooks.


Third-party chipsets are components that are used to extend the functionality of a device or computer. They are usually created by a company that is independent of the manufacturer of the original device, and they provide additional features or performance improvements. For example, some third-party chipsets are designed for gaming devices and can provide improved graphics, faster frame rates, or better sound quality.

Other types of chipsets provide a way to connect additional devices or peripherals, such as USB drives or printers. In many cases, third-party chipsets can provide better performance than the original components and may come with a lower price tag.

Why is motherboard chipset important?

When choosing the right chipset for your specific needs, there are a few key factors to consider. Selecting the right chips is an important decision that can significantly impact your device’s overall performance. Different chipsets have different limitations on the type, amount of RAM, and other components your device will need. Read customer reviews to help you understand each option’s reliability and whether it will be worthwhile in the long run.


The chipset controls the data transfer between the CPU, memory, and peripherals. It manages and distributes system resources for the CPU, memory, and peripherals to operate effectively. The computer could only work correctly with a good data flow management system. It’s crucial to comprehend system buses' functions while constructing a computer. Different chipsets have varying restrictions on the kind and quantity of RAM and other parts your device will require.

Zohaib Hassan
Zohaib Hassan is a staunch tech enthusiast and has been writing about his interactions with computers for years. He has been serving the UpdatedPC as a content manager along with experimenting and testing numerous tech masterpieces. Indeed, he often forgets about eating his spicy snacks when has his head on the computer screen.